Positioned at the mouth of the Pearl River Delta on the coast of southern China, Hong Kong’s geographical position as a gateway between the East and West has made it an attractive centre for international trade.
In recent decades Hong Kong has transformed into a service-based economy as well as an important gateway to the world’s largest market. Under the principle of ‘One Country, Two Systems’, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China in 1997. This arrangement allows the city to enjoy a high degree of autonomy, including retaining its capitalist system, judicial independence, free trade and freedom of speech.
Hong Kong can thank its colonial history and international harbour for the rich blend of cultures that give it its unique character. The presence of enduring and ancient cultures in a society that has had to constantly adapt to change has created a unique contemporary culture that is a true mixture of tradition and innovation.